Covid-19 news: Omicron linked to sharp rise in cases in South Africa

by Msnbctv news staff


Individuals wait to get vaccinated on the Lenasia South Hospital close to Johannesburg, South Africa

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Newest coronavirus information as of 1pm on 2 December

Omicron has turn out to be the dominant variant in South Africa

The omicron variant of the coronavirus is driving a pointy rise in covid-19 infections in South Africa and has quickly turn out to be the dominant variant within the nation, well being officers have stated.

Yesterday, South Africa reported 8561 new covid-19 circumstances, virtually double the depend from the day prior to this. The proportion of assessments with constructive outcomes jumped to 16.5 per cent on Wednesday from 10.2 per cent a day earlier than, the Nationwide Institute for Communicable Ailments (NICD) stated, a robust indication that the rise in circumstances just isn’t merely as a result of elevated testing.

The NICD stated omicron, which was first detected on 8 November, accounted for 74 per cent out of 249 virus genomes it sequenced final month. There may be concern that omicron might get round immunity to some extent, however “safety towards extreme illness and vaccines ought to be much less affected”, the institute’s newest surveillance report stated.

At a press briefing on Wednesday, World Well being Group scientist Maria Van Kerkhove stated it’s too early to inform if the brand new variant is extra transmissible than delta. “We anticipate to have extra info on transmission inside days, not essentially weeks, however in days,” she stated.

Not less than 24 nations have now detected the omicron variant and plenty of extra have tightened border controls as a precaution.

Different coronavirus information

The UK has accredited a brand new antibody-based drug remedy for covid-19 made by GlaxoSmithKline. The corporate says preliminary assessments within the lab recommend that it really works towards the omicron variant. Medical trial outcomes discovered that Xevudy (sotrovimab) cuts hospital admission and dying by 79 per cent in folks at excessive threat. The Medicines and Healthcare merchandise Regulatory Company has authorised the remedy for folks with delicate to reasonable covid-19 who’re at excessive threat of creating extreme illness. The UK authorities has ordered round 100,000 doses of the drug.

Scientists consider they could have discovered the set off behind the extraordinarily uncommon blood clot issues linked to the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine. A examine suggests the response may be traced to the way in which adenoviruses, that are utilized by the vaccine to shuttle the coronavirus’ genetic materials into cells, bind with a protein within the blood often called platelet issue 4 (PF4). Researchers assume this will spark a series response within the immune system which may culminate within the growth of blood clots – a situation often called vaccine-induced immune thrombotic thrombocytopenia (VITT).

Newest on coronavirus from New Scientist

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New vaccines for omicron: Vaccine-makers are already adapting vaccines to combat the omicron coronavirus variant, however it’s going to most likely have already got swept the world by the point these arrive.

Dashboard: Use our covid-19 dashboard to remain updated with deaths, circumstances and vaccination charges world wide

Important details about coronavirus

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Covid-19: The story of a pandemic

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New Scientist Weekly options updates and evaluation on the newest developments within the covid-19 pandemic. Our podcast sees knowledgeable journalists from the journal focus on the largest science tales to hit the headlines every week – from expertise and area, to well being and the surroundings.

The Leap is a BBC Radio 4 collection exploring how viruses can cross from animals into people to trigger pandemics. The primary episode examines the origins of the covid-19 pandemic.

Why Is Covid Killing Individuals of Color? is a BBC documentary, which investigates what the excessive covid-19 dying charges in ethnic minority sufferers reveal about well being inequality within the UK.

Panorama: The Race for a Vaccine is a BBC documentary concerning the inside story of the event of the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine towards covid-19.

Race In opposition to the Virus: Hunt for a Vaccine is a Channel 4 documentary which tells the story of the coronavirus pandemic by the eyes of the scientists on the frontline.

The New York Instances is assessing the progress in growth of potential drug therapies for covid-19, and rating them for effectiveness and security.

People of COVID-19 is a challenge highlighting the experiences of key staff on the frontline within the combat towards coronavirus within the UK, by social media.

Stomach Mujinga: Trying to find the Fact is a BBC Panorama investigation of the dying of transport employee Stomach Mujinga from covid-19, following reviews she had been coughed and spat on by a buyer at London’s Victoria Station.

Coronavirus, Defined on Netflix is a brief documentary collection inspecting the coronavirus pandemic, the efforts to combat it and methods to handle its psychological well being toll.

COVID-19: The Pandemic that By no means Ought to Have Occurred, and Find out how to Cease the Subsequent One by Debora Mackenzie is about how the pandemic occurred and why it’s going to occur once more if we don’t do issues otherwise in future.

The Guidelines of Contagion is concerning the new science of contagion and the stunning methods it shapes our lives and behavior. The writer, Adam Kucharski, is an epidemiologist on the London College of Hygiene and Tropical Medication, UK, and within the e-book he examines how illnesses unfold and why they cease.

Earlier updates

A mobile NHS Health On The Move Vaccination service was in Chesham town centre today on market day providing Covid-19 vaccinations and booster jabs. There were queues all morning as people were keen to get their Covid-19 booster jabs before Christmas Covid-19 NHS Mobile Booster Jabs, Chesham, UK - 24 Nov 2021

A cellular NHS vaccination service

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29 November

All UK adults to be supplied booster jab

Covid-19 vaccine booster doses shall be supplied to everybody over the age of 18 within the UK. The transfer follows a advice from the UK Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI) yesterday, and is meant to restrict the influence of the omicron coronavirus variant.

The minimal hole between an individual’s second vaccine dose and their booster can be to be halved from six months to 3 months, primarily based on suggestions made by the JCVI.

The committee additionally beneficial that kids aged between 12 and 15 ought to be invited for a second jab.

Different coronavirus information

Face coverings are actually necessary once more in retailers and on public transport in England, as of 4am right now. The restrictions had been put in place following the detection of 14 circumstances of omicron within the UK. Face coverings haven’t been mandated by the UK authorities since 19 July 2021

The omicron variant is a “trigger for concern, not panic”, in response to US president Joe Biden. No circumstances of the variant have been found within the US thus far, however Biden stated it was “virtually inevitable” that they might be discovered quickly. “We’re going to combat and beat this new variant,” he advised journalists on the White Home on Monday.

The omicron variant was first detected in South Africa, and has prompted calls for prime earnings nations to donate extra vaccine doses to decrease earnings nations. China’s president Xi Jinping introduced yesterday that the nation will give one billion doses of coronavirus vaccines to Africa. He stated 600 million doses could be donated instantly, whereas the opposite 400 million doses could be supplied by joint partnerships between Chinese language corporations and African nations.

 

People in snow in scotland, uk

Six circumstances of omicron have been recognized in Scotland.

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29 November

Six omicron circumstances recognized in Scotland

Six circumstances of the omicron coronavirus variant have been recognized in Scotland, it was introduced right now. Among the people affected don’t have any latest historical past of journey, and the supply of their infections just isn’t clear.

Contact tracers are looking for the origin of the virus in Scotland. All shut contacts of suspected omicron circumstances are suggested to self-isolate for ten days – no matter vaccination standing. The information follows the affirmation of three different UK circumstances of the variant over the weekend in Essex, Nottingham and London.

The omicron variant poses a “very excessive” world threat of an infection, the World Well being Organisation (WHO) stated on Sunday.

The company warned that “there might be future surges of covid-19, which might have extreme penalties”. Member states have been urged to speed up vaccination programmes, notably for people who find themselves susceptible and those that will not be but totally vaccinated.

No deaths have been linked to the variant thus far. Omicron was first detected on 23 November in South Africa, and new circumstances have since been uncovered within the UK, the Netherlands, Denmark and Australia.

Japan will ban all overseas travellers getting into the nation from tomorrow in gentle of the emergence of the omicron variant. Israel has quickly restricted the entry of vacationers as of 28 November, and Morocco has applied a two-week suspension of incoming passenger flights as of 29 November.

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An indication at a museum requires guests to be vaccinated towards covid-19, New York, US

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23 November

Unvaccinated people within the US are more likely to die from covid-19, CDC says

Unvaccinated folks within the US are at a 14 instances larger threat of dying from covid-19 than those that are totally vaccinated towards coronavirus, in response to information from September printed by the US Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention (CDC).

Unvaccinated people are additionally virtually six instances as prone to take a look at constructive for the virus. Whereas 196.4 million folks within the US are totally vaccinated, and over 36 million have obtained a booster dose, greater than 47 million adults and 12.4 million youngsters are but to be totally vaccinated, CDC director Rochelle Wallensky advised journalists at a White Home press briefing on Monday.

An analogous image is rising within the UK, the place “covid-19 is not a illness of the vaccinated”, in response to Andrew Pollard, director of the Oxford Vaccine Group on the College of Oxford. The “ongoing horror” of individuals with covid-19 preventing for breath in intensive care models in hospitals throughout Britain “is now largely restricted to unvaccinated folks”, Pollard writes in The Guardian

Different coronavirus information

Individuals in England who’re planning to move to crowded enclosed areas are actually being suggested by the UK authorities to first take lateral move assessments. People who find themselves visiting people who’re at a better threat of changing into significantly unwell with covid-19 may “want to take a speedy lateral move take a look at”, the federal government’s web site states

It’s the first time official steering has inspired members of the general public to take covid assessments earlier than participating in sure actions. 

The Pfizer/BioNTech covid-19 vaccine is 100 per cent efficient in 12-to-15-year-olds a minimum of 4 months after a second dose, in response to trial outcomes described in a press release by the 2 firms.

The part 3 trial included 2228 volunteers. Whereas 30 of the unvaccinated volunteers developed symptomatic circumstances of covid-19, no such circumstances developed amongst those that had been given two doses of the vaccine. 

No critical security issues had been noticed throughout a six-month observe up interval, say the 2 firms. All 12-to-15-year-olds within the UK are at present being supplied a single dose of the vaccine

Dashboard: Use our covid-19 dashboard to remain updated with deaths, circumstances and vaccination charges world wide

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Closed Christmas stands within the metropolis centre, Vienna, Austria.

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22 November

Austria enters its fourth lockdown as coronavirus circumstances surge

Austria went again into lockdown right now – changing into the primary European nation to take action in response to the newest surge in covid-19 infections seen throughout the continent.

It’s the nation’s fourth nationwide lockdown because the pandemic started. Individuals can solely go away house for work, train and grocery buying. Non-essential retailers, eating places, bars and cinemas shall be closed till 12 December – although officers say lockdown measures shall be reassessed in 10 days’ time. 

Austria is at present reporting 173,500 energetic coronavirus infections. 1,102 coronavirus circumstances per 100,000 residents had been recorded on 20 November. The UK, by comparability, is at present reporting a determine of 418 circumstances per 100,000 folks within the 7 days as much as 16 November

Different coronavirus information

Water cannons and tear gasoline had been deployed towards folks protesting covid restrictions in Brussels on Sunday.  

Round 35,000 people gathered to protest new covid guidelines, which embody the necessary sporting of face coverings in public areas and dealing from house. Some protesters threw objects at police, who then used water cannons and tear gasoline to disperse the crowds. 

Restrictions protests have additionally occured in Austria, the Netherlands, Italy and Switzerland.

Time is working out to stop a “harmful” surge of coronavirus infections within the US, Anthony Fauci, director of the US Nationwide Institute of Allergy and Infectious Ailments (NIAID) stated yesterday.

Coronavirus circumstances within the US are rising once more, with new circumstances approaching 100,000 per day. Hundreds of thousands of individuals within the US are likely to journey to go to household throughout the Thanksgiving vacation, which this yr falls on 25 November. This might result in an extra surge in circumstances, Fauci warns.

All US adults which might be eligible for a vaccine booster ought to get one, Fauci advised CNN on Sunday. “As we’re entering into the vacation season, you wish to be totally protected,” he stated. “Backside line… get boosted.”

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A girl sporting a face masks walks previous a avenue mural in Hong Kong

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18 November

Assessment of research reinforces the effectiveness of face coverings, handwashing and social distancing

Masks sporting is likely one of the simplest public well being measures for stopping covid-19, and is related to a 53 per cent discount within the incidence of the illness, in response to a overview of printed analysis.

Stella Talic at Monash College in Australia and her colleagues carried out a meta-analysis utilizing information from 72 research to evaluate the effectiveness of non-pharmaceutical interventions – measures that don’t contain medication – at containing the virus.

Handwashing was additionally estimated to be related to a 53 per cent discount in covid-19 incidence, however this outcome was not statistically vital as a result of solely a small variety of research on it had been included. Bodily distancing was related to a 25 per cent discount in covid-19 incidence.

“It’s probably that additional management of the covid-19 pandemic relies upon not solely on excessive vaccination protection and its effectiveness but additionally on ongoing adherence to efficient and sustainable public well being measures,” Talic and her colleagues write within the British Medical Journal.

We up to date the above story on 25 November to make clear that the overview discovered associations between these measures and lowered covid-19 incidence.

Different coronavirus information

Youngsters aged 12 to 17 who’ve had a covid-19 an infection shouldn’t get a vaccine till 12 weeks later, in response to new steering within the UK. This might assist to scale back the “very, very small” threat of coronary heart irritation after vaccination, specialists from the UK Well being Safety Company stated. The present case charges of myocarditis after vaccination amongst under-18s are suspected to be round 9 per million vaccinations, and circumstances have been “comparatively delicate”, officers stated. Analysis means that myocarditis is more likely to happen after a coronavirus an infection than after vaccination. For older folks and for anybody who’s excessive threat and aged 12 or over, the present recommendation is that they need to wait 4 weeks between covid an infection and having a dose of vaccine. 

A fourth wave of the pandemic is hitting Germany “with full pressure”, chancellor Angela Merkel has stated forward of a disaster assembly with regional leaders. Authorities are contemplating new measures to switch nationwide guidelines that expire on the finish of the month. Lothar Wieler, the director of the Robert Koch Institute, a German authorities company, stated the nation is heading in the direction of a critical emergency, with hospitals already struggling to seek out area for sufferers. “We’re going to have a very horrible Christmas if we don’t take countermeasures now.”

AstraZeneca has reported that its preventative antibody drug AZD7442 supplied 83 per cent safety towards covid-19 over six months in a medical trial. The injected remedy might present an alternate possibility for stopping sickness in individuals who don’t mount a superb immune response to vaccines.

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A nurse prepares to manage the Pfizer/BioNTech covid-19 vaccine, London, UK

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17 November

A fifth of cyberattacks in UK focused vaccine corporations or well being organisations 

Hackers focused labs this yr that had been essential to the UK’s pandemic response, in response to the Nationwide Cyber Safety Centre. 

The watchdog stated that it dealt with a report 777 cyberattack incidents between August 2020 and September 2021. A fifth of those focused corporations had been linked to vaccines and the well being sector.

It additionally stated that it helped the College of Oxford’s AstraZeneca vaccine researchers defend themselves towards an tried ransomware assault that would have had main ramifications for the UK’s pandemic response. 

Different coronavirus information

Pfizer has allowed cheaper variations of its potential antiviral covid-19 capsule to be made in poorer nations – granting entry to lots of of thousands and thousands of individuals.

The pharmaceutical large says it’s going to permit generic copies of Paxlovid to be made in 95 low and middle-income nations, protecting 53 per cent of the inhabitants. 

Eire’s bars, eating places and nightclubs may have a midnight curfew from Thursday to curb coronavirus infections. Eire’s prime minister, Micheal Martin, additionally stated that everybody ought to make money working from home until it’s “completely crucial” to not.

Strict covid guidelines got here into pressure in Beijing, China, right now because the nation gears up for the Winter Olympics subsequent yr. Anybody visiting town should present a detrimental covid take a look at from the previous 48 hours.

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The Nationwide Covid Memorial Wall on the South Financial institution of the River Thames, London.

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16 November

995 covid-related deaths had been recorded within the week ending 5 November

The week ending 5 November noticed the very best quantity of covid-related deaths in England and Wales since March. The UK Workplace for Nationwide Statistics reported 995 covid-related deaths in that week, representing 8.6 per cent of all deaths. It’s the largest determine because the week ending 12 March, and  a 16 per cent rise on the variety of covid-related deaths from the earlier week.

In complete, 168,600 dying certificates have talked about covid-19 within the UK because the pandemic started. The very best quantity on a single day was 1,484 on 19 January 2021.

Different coronavirus information

Antidepressant use is linked to a decrease threat of dying from covid-19, in response to an evaluation of medical information within the US. Researchers in California assessed a database of round 83,500 folks identified with covid-19. The 3401 people who had been taking fluoxetine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), gave the impression to be extra prone to survive the an infection. 

“We will’t inform if the medication are inflicting these results, however the statistical evaluation is exhibiting vital affiliation,” says Marina Sirota on the College of California, San Francisco.

Journey restrictions in India have been eliminated for totally vaccinated vacationers for the primary time because the pandemic started. Many travellers should additionally take a look at detrimental for the virus inside 72 hours of their flight, though this received’t apply to these visiting from nations which have an settlement with India in place, equivalent to these from the US, UK and another European nations.

Amazon has been fined $500,000 by California officers for failing to “adequately notify” staff about new covid-19 circumstances within the office.

Amazon employs round 150,000 folks in California, most of whom work within the firm’s mammoth warehouses. California state requires firms to inform staff about new coronavirus circumstances amongst staff.

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A girl receives her covid-19 vaccination booster jab, London, UK

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15 November

16 and 17-year-olds set to be supplied second doses of covid-19 vaccines

The UK’s covid-19 vaccine booster programme shall be prolonged to incorporate all 40 to 49-year-olds, following a advice from the federal government’s vaccination advisers. The Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI) has suggested that every one adults over the age of 40 ought to be supplied a booster, six months after their second dose.

It has additionally suggested 16 and 17-year-olds to return ahead for a second dose of the Pfizer/BioNTech jab, which ought to be given a minimum of 12 weeks after the primary.

Till now, boosters have been supplied to folks over 50 and youthful people who find themselves clinically susceptible, and 12.6 million folks have had a 3rd covid-19 jab thus far. The JCVI stated folks ought to be supplied the Pfizer or Moderna jab as a booster, no matter which vaccine they’d initially.

Sajid Javid, the well being secretary, stated the recommendation has been accepted in England and NHS England has been instructed to implement it as quickly as attainable. The Scottish authorities additionally stated it might prolong the booster programme.

The announcement comes as a brand new examine from the UK Well being Safety Company finds that booster vaccines cut back the chance of symptomatic covid-19 by a minimum of 93 per cent in adults over 50. Safety towards extra extreme illness and dying is predicted to be even increased.

“Booster vaccine doses in additional susceptible adults, and second vaccine doses in 16 to 17-year-olds are vital methods to extend our safety towards covid-19 an infection and extreme illness,” Wei Shen Lim, chair of covid-19 immunisation for the JCVI, stated in a press release. “These vaccinations will even assist prolong our safety into 2022.”

Different coronavirus information

Austria has ordered a nationwide lockdown for anybody over 12 who just isn’t totally vaccinated towards covid-19. This group – round 2 million folks – will solely be allowed to go away house for restricted causes, together with going to work or searching for necessities. Round 65 per cent of the inhabitants is totally vaccinated, one of many lowest charges in Europe. 

A brand new covid-19 vaccine that works by way of T-cells quite than antibodies is about to enter human trials. Current covid-19 vaccines primarily purpose to generate immunity primarily based on antibodies, proteins that persist with the virus and cease it from infecting cells. T-cells are one other a part of the immune system that discover and destroy contaminated cells, and they’re thought to supply longer-lasting immunity. The experimental vaccine is run by way of a pores and skin patch. Emergex, the corporate that developed it, has been given a inexperienced gentle to hold out an preliminary trial involving 26 folks in Lausanne, Switzerland, The Guardian reviews.

Newest on coronavirus from New Scientist

Covid-19 in wild animals: Latest research recommend that SARS-CoV2, the virus that causes covid-19, is rife amongst white-tailed deer in North America. Animal reservoirs of the virus enhance the probabilities of probably harmful new variants rising and crossing again into people.

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Remedy of covid-19 sufferers in Uzhhorod hospital, Ukraine

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11 November

Covid-19 circumstances rising in Europe however secure or falling in remainder of the world

Coronavirus deaths in Europe jumped by 10 per cent within the week to 7 November, in response to the newest epidemiological replace from the World Well being Group (WHO). New circumstances of covid-19 elevated by 7 per cent in Europe, whereas different areas noticed case numbers stay secure or decline. The worldwide variety of recorded covid-19 deaths within the week was 48,000, a 4 per cent lower from the earlier week.

Europe had the very best incidence of confirmed circumstances, with 208.9 circumstances per 100,000 inhabitants, forward of the Americas which had 68.8 new circumstances per 100,000.

Hans Kluge, the WHO director for Europe, stated the area was “again on the epicentre of the pandemic” and will see one other 500,000 deaths by February if extra actions aren’t taken to restrict the unfold of the virus, Euronews reviews.

The nations with the very best numbers of latest circumstances are the US, Russia, UK, Turkey and Germany. In Russia, over 1000 deaths have been reported on daily basis since late October. Some hospitals in Germany are reportedly unable to confess new sufferers due to the excessive numbers of individuals needing remedy for covid-19.

Different coronavirus information

Tens of 1000’s of care house workers in England who haven’t had two coronavirus vaccine doses shall be unable to legally work in care houses from right now as a compulsory jab coverage comes into impact. Employees working in registered care houses in England should have had each jabs to proceed of their position until they’re medically exempt. Official figures due  later right now are anticipated to point out that greater than 50,000 present workers in care houses haven’t been recorded as having had each doses as of seven November, 4 days earlier than the deadline. A number of thousand of those are understood to have self-certified as medically exempt or to have utilized for formal proof. 

A examine exhibiting that some folks might have had pre-existing immunity to the SARS-CoV-2 virus throughout the first wave of the pandemic has raised hopes {that a} common coronavirus vaccine might be developed. The analysis discovered that some healthcare staff within the UK who had been usually examined encountered the covid-19 virus however by no means grew to become totally contaminated with it or developed covid-19 antibodies. These persons are thought to have had an immune reminiscence of their T cells due to publicity to different coronaviruses that trigger seasonal colds. Learn New Scientist’s story to seek out out extra.

The variety of antibiotic prescriptions in England throughout the first yr of the covid-19 pandemic dropped by 17 per cent in contrast with the earlier yr, in response to evaluation by the charity Antibiotic Analysis UK. Prescriptions within the winter had been solely 4 per cent increased than in the summertime, in contrast with a 21 per cent seasonal distinction earlier than the pandemic. The development could also be due partially to much less an infection transmission throughout lockdowns. 

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A vaccinator administers the Pfizer/BioNTech booster covid-19 vaccine

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10 November

France follows Israel in beginning to make booster photographs a requirement for vaccine passes for the over-65s

French folks aged over 65 must have a 3rd dose of the coronavirus vaccine to show they’ve been totally vaccinated on their well being passes from mid-December. The passes present if an individual has been immunised, has lately recovered from an infection or has lately had a detrimental take a look at. In France they’re wanted for a lot of widespread actions together with going to eating places and bars, libraries, the health club and for long-distance prepare and airplane journeys. 

President Emmanuel Macron additionally stated yesterday that boosters could be obtainable for folks between the ages of fifty and 65 from subsequent month, and that use of well being passes would enhance. Though an infection charges in France are decrease than in another European nations equivalent to Germany, they’re rising. Macron stated a “fifth wave” of covid-19 had arrived in Europe. “We’re not but completed with the pandemic.” 

Israel has additionally made boosters six months after a second dose a situation for its digital vaccine certificates. In the meantime in Wales, a requirement for covid passes exhibiting double vaccination or a latest detrimental covid-19 take a look at shall be prolonged to theatres, live shows and museums from Monday

Different coronavirus information

An antiviral medication that may be taken at house and cuts hospitalisations and deaths from covid-19 by almost 90 per cent might be obtainable by very early subsequent yr, the pinnacle of Pfizer UK has stated. The drugs, known as Paxlovid, are taken twice every day for 5 days, by people who find themselves susceptible to creating extreme illness.

Unvaccinated folks in Singapore might face a hefty hospital invoice in the event that they want remedy for covid-19 from subsequent yr. The federal government has stated it’s going to not pay medical payments for folks with covid-19 who’re “unvaccinated by alternative”.

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Might Parsons, the nurse who administered the primary coronavirus vaccine dose in December final yr, receives her booster jab.

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9 November

Frontline NHS workers must have each doses of vaccine by spring

The UK authorities is predicted to announce necessary covid-19 vaccinations for frontline Nationwide Well being Service (NHS) workers in England, with a deadline of subsequent spring for each doses. The Division of Well being stated it was not commenting on hypothesis across the timing of the announcement, which the BBC stated could be in a while Tuesday. Nevertheless, NHS officers stated they anticipate the transfer to occur. The measure is predicted to have an effect on 1000’s of unvaccinated workers working within the well being service. 

Care house staff in England have already been advised they have to be totally vaccinated by this Thursday. In accordance with NHS figures, tens of 1000’s of care house workers weren’t recorded as having been double jabbed but as of 31 October.

NHS Suppliers chief government Chris Hopson stated there are between 80,000 and 100,000 NHS staff in England who’re unvaccinated. “If we get it proper, really, it might be fairly a helpful spur in some senses to drive the take-up up, however the bit that we simply should be cautious of is avoiding scapegoating folks,” he advised BBC Radio 4’s Right this moment programme.

Different coronavirus information

Greater than 11,000 individuals who died of covid-19 in England are thought to have caught the virus in a Nationwide Well being Service hospital, The Telegraph has reported. The determine was compiled from information collected by NHS trusts utilizing Freedom of Info legal guidelines. The trusts additionally reported over 40,000 possible or particular hospital-acquired covid-19 infections. Some trusts refused to reveal their information, suggesting the true numbers are even increased.

France’s public well being authority has beneficial that folks below 30 ought to be given the Pfizer/BioNTech coronavirus vaccine in place of the Moderna vaccine, due to a uncommon facet impact. The chance of myocarditis, a coronary heart situation, on this age group is round 5 instances much less in individuals who obtain the Pfizer jab than Moderna, the Haute Autorité de Santé stated.

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The UK authorities and NHS leaders are urging folks to get their flu and covid-19 booster jabs.

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8 November

Eligible individuals who don’t take up boosters might face journey restrictions

Greater than 10 million folks have had covid-19 booster vaccines or third doses within the UK, as politicians urged others who’re eligible to get their jabs.

Individuals over 50 and people most in danger from covid-19 are amongst these eligible for a covid vaccine booster shot. From right now, the NHS reserving system will permit folks to e-book a booster appointment 5 months after their second dose.

The newest figures present that 10,062,704 folks within the UK have obtained a booster or third dose, with 409,663 receiving one on Saturday. However about 30 per cent of over-80s and 40 per cent of over-50s in England are but to obtain a booster, the Division of Well being and Social Care stated.

On Sunday, the UK well being secretary Sajid Javid urged eligible folks to get the vaccine, saying it might assist the nation “keep away from a return to restrictions and revel in Christmas”.

In accordance with media reviews, ministers are contemplating altering journey guidelines in order that those that are eligible however refuse a 3rd dose face stricter quarantine and testing guidelines. Official steering was up to date earlier this month to say the Authorities “is reviewing the implications and necessities of boosters for worldwide journey certification” and “ whether or not and the way booster vaccinations might be included within the NHS Covid Go for journey”.

Deaths from covid-19 are more and more occurring in vaccinated folks, due to immunity waning over time, stated Susan Hopkins, chief medical adviser on the UK Well being Safety Company. “It’s notably the older age teams, so the over-70s particularly, but additionally those that are clinically susceptible, extraordinarily susceptible, and have underlying medical circumstances,” she stated.

Different coronavirus information

The UK will start rolling out the covid-19 antiviral drug molnupiravir in a medical trial later this month, Susan Hopkins on the UK Well being Safety Company has stated. Molnupiravir, developed by Merck and Ridgeback Biotherapeutics, was accredited by the UK medicines regulator final week. Trials have proven that it halves the chance of unvaccinated folks needing hospital remedy or dying, and additional trials are wanted to see the way it works within the vaccinated inhabitants, Hopkins stated.

Restrictions on travelling to the US from 33 nations have been lifted right now. The ban, protecting the UK, a lot of Europe, China and India, has been in place since early 2020. Proof of vaccination and a latest detrimental covid-19 take a look at are actually required to enter the US.

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The Pfizer constructing on forty second avenue, New York, US.

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5 November

First antiviral accredited to be used by susceptible folks at house

A brand new antiviral remedy cuts the chance of being hospitalised or dying from covid-19 by almost 90 per cent. The remedy, known as Paxlovid, is given twice every day for 5 days to folks outdoors of hospital who’re susceptible to extreme sickness.

Paxlovid, made by US agency Pfizer, is a mix of two medication; a compound at present known as PF-07321332, which blocks exercise of an enzyme that the coronavirus wants to duplicate. The second drug known as ritonavir; developed as a remedy for HIV, it helps sluggish the breakdown of PF-07321332.

In a placebo-controlled trial of 1219 folks from all around the world, 0.8 per cent of people that obtained Paxlovid inside three days of a constructive covid-19 take a look at required hospital remedy, in contrast with 7 per cent of people that obtained a placebo. The equal figures had been 1 and 6.7 per cent for individuals who obtained remedy inside 5 days. The outcomes haven’t but been totally printed, however had been introduced right now in a press launch from Pfizer.

In the meantime, one other antiviral known as molnupiravir was accredited yesterday within the UK. This medication can be given twice every day to people who find themselves susceptible to extreme sickness however haven’t been hospitalised. Trials confirmed it halves the chance of individuals needing hospital remedy or dying.

Molnupiravir ought to be taken as quickly as attainable after a constructive covid-19 take a look at, or a minimum of inside 5 days. It really works by inflicting mutations because the virus duplicates its genetic materials, stopping it from multiplying inside cells. The UK Medicines and Healthcare merchandise Regulatory Company (MHRA) has authorised its use for folks with a minimum of one threat issue for extreme an infection, together with being 60 or older, having diabetes, coronary heart illness or weight problems. 

“We’re working at tempo to deploy molnupiravir to sufferers by a nationwide examine as quickly as attainable,” Well being and Social Care Secretary Sajid Javid stated in a press release. Penny Ward at King’s Faculty London stated in a press release that the federal government might wish to assess its effectiveness in people who find themselves vaccinated, because the trials thus far have been in unvaccinated folks.

Different coronavirus information

Opening home windows for ten minutes each hour will assist cut back the chance of catching the coronavirus indoors, folks in England are being advised in a public info marketing campaign launching right now. The important thing message of the marketing campaign, working on radio stations and within the press, is to “Cease coronavirus hanging round”, by enhancing air flow.

Europe is as soon as once more on the “epicentre” of the covid-19 pandemic, due to nations enjoyable prevention measures and uneven vaccine protection, the World Well being Group has stated. Hans Kluge, the WHO’s Europe director, stated yesterday that every one European  nations had been both dealing with “an actual risk of covid-19 resurgence or already preventing it”.

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A girl attracts pink hearts representing particular person coronavirus deaths onto the newly-unveiled Nationwide Covid Memorial Wall in London, England.

David Cliff/NurPhoto/Shutterstock

4 November

The pandemic has led to the lack of a minimum of 28 million years of life

The pandemic led to the lack of 28 million years of life globally in 2020 – although this determine is prone to be a extreme underestimate because it solely checked out 37 nations.

Researchers on the College of Oxford calculated what number of years of life had been misplaced as a result of coronavirus in 37 nations, together with Russia, the US and Italy. They did this by analysing extra deaths in every nation, the ages of those that died, and every nation’s common life expectancy.

They calculated that greater than 28 million years of life had been misplaced throughout 31 of the nations they analysed. Six nations, together with New Zealand, Denmark and South Korea, didn’t see a rise in lack of years of life because of the pandemic. Nevertheless globally, the overall misplaced years of life because of the pandemic shall be a lot increased, and the staff’s evaluation didn’t embody many Asian, African or South American nations as a result of a scarcity of information. 

The researchers additionally checked out life expectancy declines in every nation for 2020. The most important falls had been seen in Russia, the US and Bulgaria. In England and Wales, male life expectancy dropped by 1.2 years, whereas feminine life expectancy dropped by 0.8-years. 

Different coronavirus information

Coronavirus infections almost doubled in over-65s between September and October in England. Within the newest survey by Imperial Faculty London, about 0.8 per cent of 65 to 74-year-olds examined constructive for coronavirus, whereas 0.67 per cent of over-75s had covid-19 in between 19 and 29 October. However school-children proceed to be most in danger from an infection with almost six per cent of five-to-17-year-olds testing constructive for the virus.

India’s home-grown vaccine, Covaxin, has been accredited for emergency use by the World Well being Organisation. It’s the seventh jab to be accredited by the intergovernmental physique. Greater than 105 million doses of the vaccine have been administered to folks in India thus far. 

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A boy receives the Pfizer/BioNTech covid-19 vaccine.

JEFF KOWALSKY/AFP by way of Getty Picture

3 November

Covid-19 jabs for elementary-school-aged kids given remaining sign-off

The US is gearing as much as provide covid-19 vaccines to 5-to-11-year-olds this week, after the Pfizer/BioNTech jab handed its remaining hurdle of approval by the nation’s Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention yesterday. The vaccine has been accredited for this age group at one third of the dose used for adults and youngsters. The kid-sized doses shall be packaged in bottles with orange lids to keep away from mix-ups.

Vaccines might begin being supplied this week, however it will likely be subsequent week earlier than roll-out could be “totally up and working”,  Jeff Zients of the White Home stated on Monday. There could be “thousands and thousands extra doses packed, shipped and delivered and 1000’s of further websites coming on-line every day”, he stated. Within the UK, the Medicines and Healthcare merchandise Regulatory Company remains to be reviewing the kids’s vaccine. Yesterday Pfizer reported that its earnings and gross sales greater than doubled up to now quarter, primarily due to its covid-19 vaccines.

Different coronavirus information

A member of the UK authorities’s Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies (SAGE) stepped down on the finish of October. Sir Jeremy Farrar, head of the Wellcome well being charity, had been advocating for extra restrictions, equivalent to face masks sporting, to be introduced in because of the UK’s present excessive stage of coronavirus infections, in response to Sky Information. “The excessive ranges of transmission seen within the UK stay regarding,” he stated. “My focus now have to be on our work at Wellcome. This consists of supporting the worldwide analysis effort to finish the pandemic.”

The Netherlands has reintroduced covid restrictions, one of many first western European nations to take action after measures had been relaxed over summer time. They’ll embody new necessities to put on face masks, asking folks to make money working from home half the week the place attainable and lengthening the usage of covid passes to restaurant terraces and museums. In accordance with information from Johns Hopkins College, 7727 new covid-19 circumstances had been reported within the Netherlands on 2 November, in contrast with 33,546 within the UK. 

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A “You could self-isolate display” on the NHS covid-19 app.

Hollie Adams/Bloomberg by way of Getty Photos

2 November

Self-isolation compliance falls in 35 to 54-year-olds

One in 4 folks between the ages of 35 and 54 are failing to self-isolate for a full ten days after testing constructive for coronavirus, in response to the Workplace for Nationwide Statistics.

The figures are primarily based on a survey of 881 folks in England carried out in late September and early October. The researchers discovered that solely 75 per cent of members remoted for ten days after a constructive covid-19 take a look at. It’s a main drop from the 86 per cent who reported full compliance in July. 

The alternative development was seen in folks aged between 18 and 34, with 82 per cent reporting full compliance within the newest survey versus 75 per cent in July. 

Different coronavirus information

Round 9000 New York Metropolis public staff had been placed on unpaid go away on Monday for not being vaccinated. The town’s vaccine mandate for public sector staff got here into impact yesterday. One in 4 firefighters within the metropolis are nonetheless not vaccinated, whereas one in six police workers are additionally unjabbed. 

Indonesia has turn out to be the primary nation on the planet to provide emergency authorisation for the Novavax vaccine. Research have proven that it’s about 90 per cent efficient towards symptomatic covid-19.

Disneyland Shanghai in China has been shut for a minimum of two days as a result of a single customer testing constructive for coronavirus. The transfer comes because the nation goals to hit zero coronavirus infections by the point it hosts the Winter Olympics early subsequent yr. 

gravedigger walking

A gravedigger in Manaus, Amazonas state, Brazil.

MICHAEL DANTAS / AFP by way of Getty Photos

1 November

International recorded covid-19 dying toll hits 5 million

The variety of complete recorded deaths from covid-19 worldwide has hit 5 million, lower than two years because the pandemic begun.

Round 7000 folks across the globe are dying from the virus every day, in response to figures compiled by Johns Hopkins College within the US.

However the true determine is prone to be greater than double that. Evaluation by The Economist suggests the toll might be nearer to 16.7 million deaths – after bearing in mind those that died from the illness with out understanding they’d contracted the virus and those that couldn’t be handled for different diseases as a result of hospitals had been overwhelmed with covid-19 sufferers. 

Different coronavirus information

Booster jabs are actually obtainable at walk-in websites in England for individuals who obtained their second dose a minimum of six months in the past and who meet sure eligibility standards, equivalent to being aged 50 or over, or being a frontline well being or social employee. It means over 30 million individuals who meet these standards will not should e-book an appointment to get a booster shot. Greater than six million have had a booster jab or a 3rd dose thus far, in response to NHS England.

Activists from creating nations have been excluded from COP26 due partially to world vaccine inequality, local weather change activists have claimed.Lidy Nacpil, of the Asian Individuals’s Motion on Debt and Growth, who relies within the Philippines, advised The Guardian: “The challenges and issues associated to vaccines, visas and quarantine necessities that the UK did not adequately deal with are the principle the explanation why we is not going to be at COP26.”

See earlier updates from September to October 2021, July to September 2021, June to July 2021, Might 2021, April-March 2021, February 2021, January 2021, November/December 2020, and March to November 2020.

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